Author's Guidelines

Manuscripts submitted to International Journal of Innovative Research (IJIR) should conform to the guidelines indicated below. Before you submit, please study the author checklist provided at the manuscript submission. Two MS Word (.doc) files, one for cover letter and another for main manuscript, should be prepared according to the author guidelines.

Cover Letter

The covering letter should be written by the corresponding author indicating how the manuscript is suitable for publication in International Journal of Innovative Research (IJIR) and also mentioning the unique merits of research outcomes and frontier research linkage for further research work. All authors names are to be included in the letter (preferably along with their signatures) stating the article has not been published elsewhere or communicated to any other publication apart from International Journal of Innovative Research. If the manuscript is authored only by a student, it is requested that he/she obtain the approval of the institution department prior to submitting the manuscript.

Manuscript Preparation Guidelines


The language of all manuscripts must be in English (either American or British standard, but not the mixture of both). Authors whose native language is not English are encouraged to have their manuscripts read by a native English-speaking colleague before submission.

The length of the manuscript should not exceed 25 pages (including references, tables and appendices). Manuscript containing more than 25 pages words will be returned to the author(s) to abridge. Short communications should not exceed 4 printed pages. Manuscript should be typed in double-space (including footnotes and references) on one side of the paper only preferably A4 (8.5'' x 11'') with wide margins (top 1.2'', bottom 0.6'' left 0.8'', right 0.6''). Authors are urged to write as concisely as possible, but not at the expense of clarity.


Manuscripts should be presented in the following order: (i) title page, (ii) abstract and key words, (iii) text, (iv) acknowledgments, (v) references, (vi) appendices, and all sub-heading words (Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods / Methodology, Results and Discussion, References) should be presented in title case, left margin, 12 point type and bold.


Title page

The title page should contain (i) the title of the paper, (ii) the full names of the authors and (iii) the addresses of the institutions at which the work was carried out together with (iv) a short running title, and (v) the full postal and email address, plus facsimile and telephone numbers, of the author to whom correspondence about the manuscript should be sent. The present address of any author, if different from that where the work was carried out, should be supplied in a footnote.
Title of the paper: The title should be short, informative and contain the major key words. Do not use abbreviations in the title. Titles should be presented in title case, meaning that all words except for prepositions, articles, and conjunctions should be capitalized, bold, 14 point type (Times New Roman). All scientific names should be in italics.

Example: Two New Species of the Genus Vekunta Distant (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Derbidae) from Korea


Author names and affiliations: Provide full names of all authors with surnames capitalized and affiliations mentioning numbers. Affiliation details should include-department, university or organization, city, state and country for all authors. One of the authors should be designated as the corresponding author with asterisk (*) against his/her name. Only the corresponding author's email address should be provided in the article. It is the corresponding author's responsibility to ensure that the author list and the summary of the author contributions to the study are accurate and complete. Author names and affiliations should be presented in Capitalize Each Word case, 12 point type (Times New Roman).

Example: Mohammad Atikur RAHMAN1*, Yong Jung KWON2 and Sang Jae SUH2

1 Department of Entomology, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dumki, Patuakhali-8602, Bangladesh.

2 School of Applied Biosciences, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-701, Korea.

*Professor, Department of Entomology, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dumki, Patuakhali-8602, Bangladesh, E-mail: , Phone: +8801967958808.

Running title: A short running title (less than 45 characters) should also be provided. It should be presented in title case, 12 point type (Times New Roman).

Example: Two New Species of Vekunta form Korea


Abstract and key words


All manuscript must have a brief abstract that states in 250 words or fewer the purpose, basic procedures, main findings and principal conclusions of the study. The abstract should not contain abbreviations or references.

Up to six key words (for the purposes of indexing) should be supplied below the abstract in alphabetical order. Keywords should be written in title case and separated by comma. Avoid general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Abstract and key words should be presented in 12 point type (Times New Roman).



Authors should use the following subheadings to divide the sections of their manuscript: Introduction, Materials and methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusion, and Recommendations (if any). They should be presented in 12 point type (Times New Roman). Table, figure, charts and graphs should be placed in the text appropriately. No overlapping will be accepted.



Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Number tables consecutively in the text in Arabic numerals. Type tables near appropriate text with the legend above. Legends should be concise but comprehensive - the table, legend and footnotes must be understandable without reference to the text. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: +, ++, +++ should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for P-values. Statistical measures such as SD or SEM should be identified in the headings.


Figure legends


Type figure legends under the figure. Legends should be concise but comprehensive - the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement.



All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. Figures should be sized to fit within the column, intermediate or the full text width.

Figures embedded properly in the Word documents. Figures must be supplied as high resolution (at least 300 dpi) files, saved as jpeg or .tif. Line figures should be supplied in .tif format as at least 600 dpi. For very simple line figures, .xls and .ppt files will be accepted. Line figures should be supplied as sharp, black and white graphs or diagrams, drawn professionally or with a computer graphics package. Lettering must be included and should be sized to be no larger than the journal text.



The source of financial grants and other funding must be acknowledged, including a frank declaration of the authors' industrial links and affiliations. The contribution of colleagues or institutions should also be acknowledged. Personal thanks and thanks to anonymous reviewers are not appropriate.



The Harvard (author, date) system of referencing is used (examples are given below). In the text, give the author's name followed by the year in parentheses: Rahman (2012). If there are two authors use 'and': Rahman and Jahan (2015); but if cited within parentheses use '&': (Rahman & Jahan 2001). When reference is made to a work by three or more authors, the first name followed by et al. should be used: Rahman et al. (2002). In the reference list, references should be listed in alphabetical order.

In the reference list, cite the names of all authors when there are six or fewer; when seven or more, list the first six followed by et al. Do not use ibid. or op cit. Reference to unpublished data and personal communications should not appear in the list but should be cited in the text only (e.g. A. Rahman, unpubl. data, 2005). All citations mentioned in the text, tables or figures must be listed in the reference list. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references.

Rahman MA, Kwon YJ, Suh SJ (2012) Two new species of the genus Vekunta Distant (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Derbidae) from Korea. Zootaxa 3313 (2): 23-33.

Capinera JL (2001) Handbook of Vegetable Pests, 2nd edn. Academic Press, San Diego, California 92101-4495, USA.


Chapter in a book

Driever M (1993) Maternal control of anterior development in the Drosphila embryo. In: Bate M, Aris AM (eds) The Development of Drosophila melanogaster, pp. 387-424. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, New York.


Rahman MA, Kwon YJ (2012) Taxonomic revision of the family Cixiidae from Korea (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha). In: The 24th International Congress of Entomology, Daegu, Korea. Abstract A102.



References in articles


We recommend the use of a tool such as EndNote or Reference Managerfor reference management and formatting.